What is Ebstein’s anomaly ?
It was in 1866 that Ebstein first described the heart defect that bears his name. The defect includes the following components:
- Displacement of the tricuspid valve (that lies between the right atrium and right ventricle) leaflets downwards from it’s normal position.
- Abnormalities of the right ventricle
- “Atrialization” of a portion of the right ventricle
- An inter-atrial septal defect (ASD)
What happens in Ebstein’s anomaly ?
The primary problem is displacement of the tricuspid valve down from the normal position, which in turn results in the abnormal valve becoming leaky. This valve leak, combined with right ventricle muscle abnormalities, causes heart enlargement with heart failure, along with a “shunt” of blood from the right atrium, across the ASD, into the left side of the heart and circulation.